TERMINATOR manual page
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Name

terminator - deadlock detection

Synopsis

bcg_open [bcg_opt] spec[.bcg] [cc_opt] terminator [terminator_opt] terminator_param

or:

caesar.open [caesar_opt] spec[.lotos] [cc_opt] terminator [terminator_opt] terminator_param

or:

exp.open [exp_opt] spec[.exp] [cc_opt] terminator [terminator_opt] terminator_param

or:

fsp.open [fsp_opt] spec[.lts] [cc_opt] terminator [terminator_opt] terminator_param

or:

lnt.open [lnt_opt] spec[.lnt] [cc_opt] terminator [terminator_opt] terminator_param

or:

seq.open [seq_opt] spec[.seq] [cc_opt] terminator [terminator_opt] terminator_param

Description

This program attempts to detect deadlocks (i.e. states without successors) in the BCG graph spec.bcg, the LOTOS program spec.lotos, the composition expression spec.exp, the FSP program spec.lts, the LNT program spec.lnt, or the sequence file spec.seq. It is based on the ``bit state space'' verification technique proposed by Gerard Holzmann.

When the program detects deadlock states, it displays diagnostic sequences, i.e., execution sequences leading from the initial state to the deadlock states. Diagnostic sequences are displayed using the simple SEQUENCE format (see the exhibitor man page for a description of this format).

Note: the deadlock detection performed using this technique is partial: due to potential hash-code collisions, some states may not be visited. Therefore, this program is likely to find only a subset of the existing deadlocks. It might even fail to find deadlocks when they exist.

Note: in its first form (i.e., when applied to the BCG graph spec.bcg), this program is probably not the best way to perform deadlock detection.

Note: the exhibitor program can also be used to find the shortest sequence leading to a deadlock.

Options

The options bcg_opt, if any, are passed to bcg_lib .

The options caesar_opt, if any, are passed to caesar and to caesar.adt .

The options exp_opt, if any, are passed to exp.open .

The options fsp_opt, if any, are passed to fsp.open .

The options lnt_opt, if any, are passed to lnt.open .

The options seq_opt, if any, are passed to seq.open .

The options cc_opt, if any, are passed to the C compiler.

The following terminator_options are currently available:

-depth depth
Consider only execution sequences whose number of transitions is less or equal than depth (where depth is greater than zero). Prune the exploration of the graph when the distance from the initial state becomes greater than depth transitions. By default (if this option is not present on the command-line) or if depth is equal to zero, all sequences will be considered.

-none      
Don't print any diagnostic sequence. Not a default option.

-all      
Print all diagnostic sequences. Not a default option.

-first      
Print the first diagnostic sequence encountered and stop just after. Not a default option.

-decr      
Print only those diagnostic sequences which are shorter than the last diagnostic sequence previously diplayed. Prune the exploration of the graph in order to find diagnostic sequences of decreasing sizes. It is not guaranteed that the final sequence is minimal (some shorter sequence might exist, which can not be found by the program).

by default
(in absence of -none, -all, -first, -decr)
Print only the shortest diagnostic sequence obtained. Prune the exploration of the graph in order to find diagnostic sequences of decreasing sizes. It is not guaranteed that the final sequence is minimal (some shorter sequence might exist, which can not be found by the program).

The parameters terminator_param have the following formats, where order is an integer denoting the order in which the transitions will be fired (see functions CAESAR_CREATE_EDGE_LIST() and CAESAR_CREATE_STACK_1(), in the caesar_edge and caesar_stack_1 manual pages), and where size, size_1, and size_2 are integer numbers denoting the sizes of bitmap tables:

Exit Status

Exit status is 0 if everything is alright, 1 otherwise.

Diagnostics

When the source is erroneous, error messages are issued.

Author

Hubert Garavel (INRIA Rhone-Alpes)

Operands

spec.bcg
BCG graph (input)

spec.exp
network of communicating LTSs (input)

spec.lotos
LOTOS specification (input)

spec.lts
FSP specification (input)

spec.lnt
LNT specification (input)

spec.seq
sequence file (input)

Files

The source code of this tool is available in file $CADP/src/open_caesar/terminator.c

See Also

OPEN/CAESAR Reference Manual, bcg_open , bcg , caesar.open , caesar , caesar.adt , exp.open , fsp.open , lnt.open , exhibitor , seq.open

Additional information is available from the CADP Web page located at http://cadp.inria.fr

Directives for installation are given in files $CADP/INSTALLATION_*.

Recent changes and improvements to this software are reported and commented in file $CADP/HISTORY.

Bugs

Please report new bugs to Hubert.Garavel@inria.fr


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